The Symbolic Violence in Madrasah

Gianto Gianto


Violence is identical with power. Violence is a practice result of power. When a class dominates another class, the process will produce violence. The mechanism of violence carried out by the dominant class against the dominated class slowly and smoothly. Education, according to Bourdieu, is only a tool to maintain the existence of the dominant class. The dominant class forces the dominated class to behave and follow the culture of the dominant class throughout the school. Schools influence students' attitudes and habits with dominant classroom culture. This research is a qualitative descriptive. This research was conducted at Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Negeri (MIN) Balikpapan and in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Negeri (MAN) 2 Nganjuk. Resources in this study are the headmaster of Madrasah, deputy, teachers, subject teachers, boarding teachers and students. Data collection techniques used in this study is observation, interviews and documentation. Data analysis used is content analysis. From the study, it can be concluded that symbolic violence in Madrasah Ibtida'iyah Negeri (MIN) Balikpapan and Madrasah Ibtida'iyah Negeri (MIN) 2 Nganjuk are manifested in almost all madrasah activities. The symbolic form of violence that researchers found was that students were forced to practice upper-class habit published in wall magazine, students were forced to accept high-class habit in the form of pictures or persuasive sentences (seducing) subtly. For example, 6 S mottos: Smile, Greet, Greetings, Shaking hand, Polite, and Saying  Salaam Before entering class.


Symbolic Violence, Capital, Habit, and Madrasah

Full Text:



Dokumen Mading MIN Balikpapan

Dokumen Majalah Dinding MIN 2 Nganjuk

Dokumen Majalah Dinding MIN Balikpapan

Haralambos and Holdborn, Sociology: Themes and Perspectives 6th Edition , London: Harper Collins Publisher, 2004

Haryatmoko, Menyingkap Kepalsuan Budaya Penguasa, Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2003

LexyMoleong, Metode penelitian Kualitatif, Jakarta: Remaja Rosda Karya, 2004

Nanang Martono, Kekerasan Simbolik di Sekolah Sebuah Ide Sosiologi Pendidikan Piere Bourdieu, Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada, 2012

Piere Bourdieu, Outline of A Theory of Practice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995

Reza A.A Wattimena, Berfikir Kritis Bersama Pierre Bourdieu: Filsuf dan Sosiolog Asal Perancis:

SutrisnoHadi, Metodologi Research, Jakarta: UGM Press, 1993


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 30 times
PDF - 17 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
Borneo International Journal of Islamic Studies (BIJIS) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Abstracting and Indexing



Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
IAIN Samarinda
Jl. H.A.M. Rifadin Samarinda Seberang, Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur