Multimedia and Critical Thinking on Arabic Guided Writing Learning

Muhammad Kamal bin Abdul Hakim


The aims of study was to determine the effect of multimedia through film and digital games with pictorial stories in groups of students who have high and low critical thinking patterns on guided writing learning activities in the Arabic Language Education Study Program, Jakarta State University. The study was conducted on the third semester students of the 2018/2019 school year with a total sample of 44 students, which were divided into two groups: 22 students for the experimental group and 22 students for the control group. The research approach uses quantitative research with a 2x2 factorial experimental method. Data collecting technique used tests for writing instruments and critical thinking instruments. The data analysis technique used two-way ANOVA. The results of two-way analysis are known that there are significant effects of multimedia and critical thinking patterns on learning activities of Arabic workshop writing.


Arabic, Critical Thinking, Writing, Multimedia

Full Text:



Ahmad Zaki, A., & Md Yunus, M. (2015). Potential of Mobile Learning in Teaching of ESL Academic Writing. English Language Teaching, 8(6), p11.

Brown, D. (2007). Teaching by Principles, An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy (Third). New York: Pearson Education.

Browne, M. N., & Keeley, S. M. (2007). Asking the Right Question, A Guide to Critical Thinking. New Jersey: Pearson.

Byrnes, H., & Manchon, R. M. (2014). Task-Based Language Learning Insight from and for L2 Writing. Amsterdam: John Benjamin Publishing Company.

Çavdar, G., & Doe, S. (2012). Learning through Writing: Teaching Critical Thinking Skills in Writing Assignments. PS: Political Science and Politics. American Political Science Association.

Dunn, D. S., Halonen, J. S., & Smith, R. A. (2008). Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology A Handbook of best Practices. Singapore: Wiley-Blackwell.

Fellner, T., & Apple, M. (2006). Developing writing fluency and lexical complexity with blogs. The JALT CALL Journal, 2(1), 15–26.

Gay, L. ., Geoffrey, E. M., & Airasian, P. (2009). Educational Research Competencies for Analysis and Applications Ninth edition. United State of America: Pearson.

Heaton, J. B. (1989). Writing English Language Test New Edition. New York: Longman.

Henning, E., Gravett, S., & Rensburg, W. van. (2005). Finding your way in Academic Writing Second Edition. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

Hyland, K. (2003). Second Language Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Khan, F. M. A., & Masood, M. (2015). The Effectiveness of an Interactive Multimedia Courseware with Cooperative Mastery Approach in Enhancing Higher Order Thinking Skills in Learning Cellular Respiration. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 176, 977–984.

Kong, S. C. (2015). An experience of a three-year study on the development of critical thinking skills in flipped secondary classrooms with pedagogical and technological support. Computers & Education, 89, 16–31.

Lee, H., Parsons, D., Kwon, G., Kim, J., Petrova, K., Jeong, E., & Ryu, H. (2016). Cooperation begins: Encouraging critical thinking skills through cooperative reciprocity using a mobile learning game. Computers & Education, 97, 97–115.

Lieshout, M. Van, Egyedi, T. M., & Bijker, W. E. (2018). Social Learning Technologies The Introduction of Multimedia in Education. New York: Routledge.

Linse, C. T. (2005). Practical English Language Teaching Young Learners. McGraw Hill.

Liu, A. (2012). An Exploratory Study on Application of Multimedia Technology in College English Teaching and Learning. Physics Procedia, 24, 2334–2338.

Maria Simanjuntak, Tiur Asi Siburian, D. S. (2017). An Analysis Of Character Education Values In Non-Fiction Novel “Habibie Dan Ainun” Created By Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie And Its Advantages As Literature Reading For Senior High School In Medan, Indonesia - EA Journals. Retrieved May 21, 2018, from

Mason, M. (2008). Critical Thinking and Learning. Singapore: Blackwell Publishing.

Mayer, R. E. (2001). Multimedia Learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mina, L. W. (2019). Analyzing and Theorizing Writing Teachers’ Approaches to Using New Media Technologies. Computers and Composition, 52, 1–16.

Murray, N. (2012). Writing Essays in English Language and Linguistics: Principles, Tips, and Strategies for Undergraduates. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nuttariya, K.-O., Sumalee, C., Issara, K., & Charuni, S. (2012). Designing Framework of Multimedia Learning Environment to Enhance Problem Solving Transfer. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 3421–3425.

Petchtone, P., & Sumalee, C. (2014). The Validation of Web-based Learning Environment Model to Enhance Cognitive Skills and Critical Thinking for Undergraduate Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 669–673.

Qamariah, S. (2017). Pengaruh Menulis Terbimbing Terhadap Keterampilan Menulis Karangan Deskripsi Siswa di Kelas IV SD. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran, 6(7). Retrieved from

Salleh, S. M., Tasir, Z., & Shukor, N. A. (2012). Web-Based Simulation Learning Framework to Enhance Students’ Critical Thinking Skills. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 64, 372–381.

Sethi, A. (2005). Multimedia Education Theory and Practice. New Delhi: ISPA.

Shultz Colby, R. (2017). Game-based Pedagogy in the Writing Classroom. Computers and Composition, 43, 55–72.

Stobaugh, R. (2013). Assesing Critical Thinking in Middle and High School meeting the Common Core. New York: Routledge.

Umar, I. N., & Rathakrishnan, M. (2012). The Effects of Online Teachers’ Social Role and Learning Style on Students’ Essay Writing Performance and Critical Thinking in a Wiki Environment. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 5730–5735.

Williams, C., & Beam, S. (2019). Technology and writing: Review of research. Computers & Education, 128, 227–242.

Zheng, R. Z. (2009). Cognitive Effects of Multimedia Learning. Hershey: Information Science Reference.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


Contact us: DINAMIKA ILMU; Address: FTIK, IAIN Samarinda; Jl. H.A.M. Rifadin, Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Email: