KONVERSI AGAMA MIGRAN TORAJA: Motivasi dan Implikasinya terhadap Hubungan Etnik-Religi Toraja di Kota Bontang, Kalimantan Timur

Hudriansyah Hudriansyah

Abstract


The aim of this paper is to reveal and understand the motives behind and implications of religious conversion among Torajan Muslim converts from migrant community in the City of Bontang, East Kalimantan Province. Applying qualitative-fenomenological method, this research finds out that the main motives behind religious conversion among Torajan Muslim converts is practical and pragmatic benefits such as to perform marriage. However, the combination of Hidayah (spiritual guidance) from Allah, support from other family members, and influence from social environment are also believed to be other significant reasen behind religious conversion among Torajan Muslim converts in Bontang. Despite facing a number of socio-economic problems, post-conversion politics, and inter-ethnic family disputes resulting from the practice of conversion, family relation among Torajan Christians who convert to Islam and those who remain Cristian are well maintained. In the broader context, religious conversion for practical and pragmatical reasons is not always lead to disruptions in terms of inter-religious relations among migrant community of Torajan people despite the fact that those converts are still marginalized in the area of political economy competition.

Keywords: Conversion, muallaf, ethnic-religion, Toraja


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin, Aslan. “Pengaruh Islam Dalam Perubahan Nama Diri Suku Bugis: Sebuah Tinjauan Sejarah.” IBDA` : Jurnal Kajian Islam Dan Budaya 14, no. 2 (October 2, 2016): 241–53. https://doi.org/10.24090/ibda.v14i2.676.

Aholiab Qatloly. Sosio-Epistemologi: Membangun Pengetahuan Berwatak Sosial. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2013.

D. Hendropuspito. Sosiologi Agama. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1984.

Duncan, Christopher R. “Untangling Conversion: Religious Change and Identity among the Forest Tobelo of Indonesia.” Ethnology 42, no. 4 (2003): 307–22. https://doi.org/10.2307/3773831.

Fisher, B. Aubrey. Small Group Decision Making: Communication and the Group Process. 3rd ed. McGraw-Hill, 1990.

H. Russel Bernard. Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 4th ed. Oxford: AltaMira Press, 2006.

Hefner, Robert W., ed. “Of Faith and Commitment: Christian Conversion in Muslim Java.” In Conversion to Christianity: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives on a Great Transformation. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Jalaluddin Rakhmat. Psikologi Agama. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2001.

James P. Spradley. Participant Observation. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1980.

Kipp, Rita Smith. “Conversion by Affiliation: The History of the Karo Batak Protestant Church.” American Ethnologist 22, no. 4 (1995): 868–82.

“Klik Bontang - Kisah Mualaf Bontang (2); Belajar Salat Dari Buku, Para Mualaf Bertukar Kado Saat Lebaran.” Accessed August 7, 2018. http://www.klikbontang.com/berita-1974-kisah-mualaf-bontang-2-belajar-salat-dari-buku-para-mualaf-bertukar-kado-saat-lebaran.html.

“Klik Bontang - Kisah Mualaf Bontang (2); Belajar Salat Dari Buku, Para Mualaf Bertukar Kado Saat Lebaran.” Accessed July 8, 2018. http://www.klikbontang.com/berita-1974-kisah-mualaf-bontang-1-awalnya-karena-cinta-kini-hafal-al-quran.html.

Lorent Bagus. Kamus Filsafat. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2000.

M. Ali Kettani. Minoritas Muslim Di Dunia Dewasa Ini. Translated by Zarkowi Soejoeti. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2005.

Martin HLM. Manser. “Oxford Learners’s Pocket Dictionary.” Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Mohlm. Rosyid. “Konversi Agama Masyarakat Samin: Studi Kasus Di Kudus, Pati Dan Blora.” Sinopsis Disertasi, IAIN Walisongo, 2013.

Mulyana, Deddy, and Jalaluddin Rakhmat. Komunikasi antarbudaya panduan berkomunikasi dengan orang-orang berbeda budaya. Bandung, Jakarta: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2009.

Munawir Haris. “Pencarian Otentisitas Diri Komunitas Muallaf Di Kabupaten Sorong Papua Barat.” Harmoni 13, no. 3 (December 2014).

Pargament. The Psychology of Religion and Coping. New York: The Guilford Press, 2000.

Pratiwi, Ria Mei Andi, and Muhammad Syafiq. “STUDI LIFE HISTORY IDENTITAS DAN INTERAKSI SOSIAL PADA KETURUNAN TIONGHOA MUSLIM.” Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan 5, no. 2 (February 24, 2015): 97–110.

Ricklefs, M. C. A History of Modern Indonesia since c. 1200. 4th ed. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 2008.

Suherman. “Resepsi Muallaf Minoritas Toraja Di Kota Bontang Terhadap Al-Qur’an.” Thesis, UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2016.

Theodorus Kobong. Injil Dan Tongkonan: Inkarnasi, Kontekstualisasi, Transformasi. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2008.

Umi Sumbulah. “Konversi Dan Kerukunan Umat Beragama.” Jurnal Analisis XIII, no. 1 (June 2013).

Yamashita, Shinji. “Manipulating Ethnic Tradition: The Funeral Ceremony, Tourism, and Television among the Toraja of Sulawesi.” Indonesia, no. 58 (1994): 69–82. https://doi.org/10.2307/3351103.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21093/lentera.v2i1.1190

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 LENTERA: Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah dan Komunikasi

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21093/lentera
Creative Commons License
Lentera by Lentera is licensed under a Creative Common: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
Based on a work at https://journal.iain-samarinda.ac.id/index.php/lentera/index



View My Stats

Flag Counter



 


Contact us:FUAD, IAIN Samarinda; Jl. Abul Hasan No 3, Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia. Email: lentera.iainsmd@gmail.com