Legal Protection and the Problem of Accessibility for Diffable: A Comparative Study between Islamic Law and Indonesian Law

Yayan Sopyan

Abstract


As a Nation of Laws, every citizen is guaranteed to their freedom, being admitted and protected to their dignity, and also possesses the same position in the presence of law. Indonesia acknowledges and protects the human rights of its citizens without differentiating their background as enshrined in the 1945 Constitution. Part of Indonesian citizens is diffable (different in ability) group and they are supposed to have the same rights, responsibility, and positions as others. However, they have physical and psychological limitations and are considered to have difficulties to access public facilities without giving them the proper access. Accessibility is an important role to actualize the parity of opportunities in every aspect of life. It is an easiness provided for diffable people to achieve the same chance. In Islam, the issue of diffability has been discussed too which is drawn from the Qur’an and Hadith as the major source of Sharia. This article aims to point out the intersection between Islamic law and Indonesian law in providing concerns towards diffable people to obtain their rights and to observe how the legal protection to accessibility for diffable has been implemented. It finds that in the normative order, both Islamic and Indonesian law have provided adequate attention and protection for diffable people. Nevertheless, the means to provide access for them is yet to be optimal. The causes are: inconsistency to properly implement the law, incomplete facilities, and the unfriendly behavior and culture towards people with disabilities.

Keywords: Islamic Law, Indonesian Law, Diffable, Accessibility


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbas, al, bin Ali al-Maqrizi, Taqiyuddin Abu, , Rasa’il al-Maqriziy,(Darul Hadis, 1999).

Asqolani, al, Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Baari, Syarh Shahih al-Bukhaari (Baerut : Darul Ma’rifah, 1379 Hijriyah) Vol X.

Bahanun, Hasan, dan Rabiatul Awwaliyah, Pendidikan Multikulutrual dalam Menanggulangi Narasi Islamisme di Indonesia, (Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya) 5 (2), 224-243, Year, 2017

Baghawi, al, Abu Muhammad al-Husaini ibn Mas’ud ibn Muhammad in La-Farra, Ma’alim al-Tanzil fi Tafsir al-Qur’an, (Bairut : Dar Ihya al-Turats al-Arabi, 1420 H), Vol VIII.

Baidhawi, al, Nashr Al-Diin Abu Said Abdullah ibn Umar ibn Muhammad al-Syairaziy Anwar al-Tanziil wa Asroor al-Ta’wil, (Bairut : Dar Ihya al-Turats, 1418 H). Vol. V.

Bedner, Adriaan & Jacqueline A.C. Vel, An Analytical Framework For Empirical Research On Access To Justice, (Governance and Development , Faculty of Law, Leiden University, the Netherlands). Article published in Law, Social Justice & Global Development (LGD) (An Electronic Law Journal) On February, 6. 2011

Byrnes, Andrew. Disability From Exclusion To Equality : Realizing The Rights of Person With Disabilities. Geneva: United Nation. 2007.

Choiriya, Ana Laela Fatikhatul, dkk. ”Jember Menggegas Kota Ramah Difabel”. Faculty of Law UNIKAMA: Jember. 2017.

Degener, Theresia. ”International Disability Law - A New Legal Subject on The Rise”. Barkeley Journal International. (2000).

Echols, John M, dan Hassan Shadili, Kamus Ingris-Indonesia, (Jakarta : Gramedia, 2010) Print XXIX

Fikri, Abdullah, Resensi Buku Fiikih (Ramah) Difabel. Dalam Jurnal Inklusi, Vol 2 No. Januari-Juni 2015.

Fitriyana, Sandra, Efektivitas Peraturan Daerah Nomor 10 Tahun 2011 Tentang Perlindungan Penyandang Disabilitas Untuk Penyediaan Aksesibilitas Fisik di Kota DKI JakartaThesis of Law Studies Program at the Faculty of Sharia and Law of UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2018

Hadadi, al, Zainuddin Muhammad Abdurrauf bin Taj a;-Arifin Ali bin Zainal Abidiin Faidh Al Qadir Syarh Al-Jaami al-shogir, (Mesir : al Maktabah al-Tijariyah al-Kubro, 1356 H). Vol. V.

Harahap, Rahayu Repindowaty dan Bustanudin. “ Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Penyandang Disabilitas”. Jurnal Inklusi. Vol. VIII, 1, (2015).

Hasan, al, Alamuddin Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Ibraahim ibn Umar al-Syaihiy Abu, Lubab aTa’wil fii Ma’aani al-Tanziil, (Bairut : Daar al-Kitab al-Ilmiyah, 11415 H), Vol. IV.

Jauzi, al, Jamaluuddin Abu al-Farj Abd al-Rahman ibn Ali ibn Muhammad, Tafsir Zaadul Masir fi Ilmi at-Tafsiir, (Bairut : Darul Fikr, 1990)

Katsir, Ismail ibn, Fafsir al-Qur’an al-Adziim, (Dar Ihya al-kitaab al-Arabiyah, withour year), juz IV.

Kemenkes, Pusat Data dan Informasi. “Situasi Penyandang Disabilitas”. Buletin Jendela Data dan Info Kesehatan. Edisi II (2014).

Khitob, Muhammad. Qurotul ain sarh al waroqot. (Jakarta : Darul kutub islamiyah. 2011).

Kurniawan, Erwin Eko dan Indri Fogar Susilowati. “Perlindungan Hukum Bagi Penyandang Disabilitas Terhadap Kemudahan Dalam Beraktivitas di Ruang Publik Di Kota Surabaya”. Jurnal Novum. UNESA, 2016.

Kurniawan, Joeni Arianto, Pluralisme Hukum dan Urgensi Kajian Socio-Legal Menuju Studi dan Pengembangan Hukum Yang Berkeadilan Sosial, Jurnal Keadilan Sosial (Edisi IV/2014). ISSN 2087-2976.

Lembaga Bahsul Masail (LBM) PBNU, Fiqh Penguatan Penyandang Disabilitas, (Jakarta : Lembaga Bahsul Masail PBNU, 2018).

Nawawi, Muhyiddin Syarif, Al-Majmu’ Syarh al-Muhadzab (Jedah : Maktabah Al-Irsyad, tt) Vol. ke IV.

Nursyamsi, Fajri, dkk. Kerangka Hukum Disabilitas di Indonesia: Menuju Indonesia Ramah Disabilitas. Jakarta: Pusat Studi Hukum dan Kebijakan Indonesia (PSHK). 2015

Nugroho, Sapto dan Risnawati Utami, Meretas SiklusKecacatan-Realitas Yang Terabaikan. Surakarta: Yayasan Talenta, 2005.

Mas’udi, Masdar F., Syariah Konstitusi : UUD 1945 Perspektif Islam, (Jakarta P3M : 2010).

Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia,(Jakarta : Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2008)

Qurthubi, al, Abi Abullah Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Anshari, al-Jami li ahkamil Qur’an, ((Kairo : Darul Hadits) Vol. IX

Quraisyi, al, Abu al-Fada’ Ismail ibn Umar ibn Katsir, Tafsir al-Qur’an al-Adzim, (Bairut : Daar Thabi’ah wa al-Tauzi’, 1999) Vol. VI

Rof’ah (ed), Fikih (ramah) Difabel, (Yogyakarta : Q Media, 2015)

Rosyada, Dede, dkk. Demokrasi, Hak Asasi Manusia, Dan Masyarakat Madani, Jakarta: ICCE UIN Syarif Hidayatullah. 2000.

Rahayu Repindowaty Harahap dan Bustanuddin, Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Penyandang Disabilitas Menurut Conventuon on The Rights of Person With Disabilities, Jurnal Inovatif Vol. VIII Nomor I Januari 2015,

Sindi, al, Ibn al-Hasan Nuruddin Muhammad Abdul Hadi, Shahih Al-Bukhari, (Bairut : Daar al-Kitaab alIlmiyyah :1998) Vol. IV.

Soekanto, Soerjono. Beberapa Permasalahan Hukum dalam Kerangka Pembangunan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Penerbit UI. 1975.

_______________. Efektivitas Hukum dan Penerapan Saksi. Bandung: Remaja Karya. 1985.

Soekanto, Soerjono. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penegakan Hukum. Cet. 14. Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada. 2016.

Syafi’ie, M., “Pemenuhan Aksesibilitas Bagi Penyandang Disabilitas”. Jurnal Inklusi. vol. 1,2 ,(2014).

Syaibani, al, Abu Abdillah Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hanbal ibn Hilal ibn Asad, Musnad al-Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal, (Muassasah al-Risalah, 2001). Vol. XIX.

Syaihi, al, Ala’uddin Ali ibn Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim ibn Umar, Lubab al-Ta’wil fi Ma’ani al-Tanzil, (Bairut : Dar al Kutub al-ilmiyah, 1415 H) Vol. IV.

Thabari, al, Abi Ja’far Muhammad bin Jabir, Tafsir At-Thabari, (Kairo : Daar al-Salam, 2007) Vol. 24.

Ubaidillah dan Abdul Razak (Editor), Demokrasi, Hak Asasi Manusia dan Masyarakat Madani, (Jakarta : ICCE UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2007).

Uning Pratimaratri, Jaminan Aksesibilitas Bagi Penyandang Catat Sebagai Perwujudan Perlindungan Hak Azasi Manusia, dalam Muladi, Hak Azasi Manusia : Hakekat, Konsep, dan Implikasinya dalam Perspektif Hukum dan Masyarakat. (Bandung : Refika Aditama, 2009) cet.III.

Zuhaili, al, Wahbah, Tafsir Al-Munir, (Bairut : Darul Fikr, 1991) Juz XXX.

Internet Sources

Badan Pusat Statistik, https://www.bps.go.id

“Fasilitas Publik Dan Penyadang Disabilitas” http://validnews.co/Fasilitas-Publik-dan-Penyandang-Disabilitas--V0000362

Jumlah Penduduk Indonesia Tahun 2017, http://tumoutounews.com/2017/09/10/jumlah-penduduk-indonesia-tahun-2017/,

Anies Kurang Sreg Dengar Kata Penyandang Disabilitas https://news.detik.com/berita/3756780/anies-kurang-sreg-dengar-katapenyandang-disabilitas,

www.liputan6.com/disabilitas/read/4058958/sistem-hukum-indonesia-yang-belum-ramah-bagi-disabilitas..

www.ilo.org/jakarta

https://www.kartunet.com/difabel-atau-disabilitas-8063/

https://ekspedisidifabel.wordpress.com/2018/02/25/membaca-data-disabilitas-indonesia-melalui-supas-2015-penyandang-disabilitas-atau-orang-dengan-beragam-kesulitan/

https://difabel.tempo.co/read/1266832/berapa-banyak-penyandang-disabilitas-di-indonesia-simak-data-ini/full&view=ok

https://kbbi.web.id/aksesibilitas




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21093/mj.v18i2.1994

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Mazahib by Mazahib Jurnal Pemikiran Hukum Islam is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://journal.iain-samarinda.ac.id/index.php/mazahib/index

Email MAZAHIB: redaksi.mazahib@gmail.com


Indexed and Abstracted by: